This study is a contribution to ongoing efforts exploring the usefulness of political economy analysis for informing support to economic growth in DFID partner countries. It was commissioned with a view to informing a difficult operational policy choice: whether and how DFID should support a particular sectoral change process, a process with obvious potential but surrounded by several unanswered questions concerning political interests and institutional variables.
This sourcebook provides an up-to-date overview of a selection of the most insightful approaches, frameworks and studies designed to analyse and manage political dynamics of sector reforms in the context of development cooperation.
How can the development community best analyse the governance and political economy of water supply and sanitation service delivery in developing countries? How can the analysis of governance and political economy of the sector inform policy, programming and influencing work? This Working Paper addresses the above questions.
The service characteristics approach, described here, was developed as a tool to explain the political dynamics of particular services. It has been tested and elaborated in discussion with specialists in health, education, water and sanitation, focusing on current debates in each sector.
This paper introduces the reader to political economy, explains how political economy analysis can be a useful -if not indispensable- operational tool and offers actual case studies across a spectrum of learning situations. This paper makes extensive use of case studies that apply political economy analysis. The cases span successful reformers,
such as Chile and Senegal; reforms where the results are still incomplete or have not been replicated, such as Ghana and Panama; and those where reforms are pending, such as Pakistan.
This paper attempts to clarify the links between illicit financial flows and corruption, and how corruption may be tackled by stemming such flows. For this purpose, it clarifies the terminology surrounding illicit flows, describes the impact of such flows, outlines the techniques used to launder them, and critically analyses existing policies designed to tackle illicit flows.
Based on published research, media reports, the authors' inside knowledge on certain topics and recent interviews with well-placed observers in the region, this report is intended to provide guidance to any practical development organisation approaching a new phase of strategic planning in East Africa.
A concrete example of PE analysis within the water sector in an urban area. PowerPoint presentation in English.
This book explores many different ways in which poverty is
being fought through the empowerment of the people whose deprivations relate ultimately to their helplessness in a badly organised world. The book discusses a number of different types of initiatives across the world that have enhanced and expanded the powers of the powerless and through that have reduced the unfreedoms that characterise the poverty of the deprived.
This publication is a step towards a more innovative approach to addressing the effects of international drivers of corruption on the domestic political economy. It provides
a hands-on tool for international agencies in development, tax co-operation, trade or security to clearly identify which international drivers are affecting the specific domestic
governance environment, how they are affecting it, and where international action can best be leveraged.
In order to design and implement more politically informed
programmes, practitioners need more – and more systematic and specific – evidence and guidance. To respond to this need, ODI began a new programme on the politics of delivery. This brief gives an overview of the programme's main ideas, activities and findings, and of its initial plans for future work.
This document is the final draft of a Risk Assessment Report and Risk Management Plan designed to inform the Asian Development Bank’s Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for the Kyrgyz Republic for the years 2012-2016.
The purpose of this guidance note is to provide DFID staff with an overview of how Political Economy Analysis (PEA)
can improve programme design in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector.
The purpose of this guidance note is to provide DFID staff with an overview of how Political Economy Analysis (PEA) can improve programme design in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector.
This project briefing provides a number of recommendations for practitioners using Political Economy Analysis in the Water, Sanitation anf Hygiene sector drawing on ODI research in Viet Nam and Sierra Leone.
PowerPoint presentation in English. - How to analyze the service delivery sector with the PE glasses.
The research has focused on projects in three countries: Ghana, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. The study aims to assess how the inclusion of low-income areas and households is conceptualised in urban water supply and sanitation policies and strategies, designed in the specific projects under consideration and implemented
on the ground.
How can political and institutional constraints be
addressed so as to improve the effectiveness of aid at sector level? This section from a European Commission publication offers a framework for analysing sector
This working paper approaches the question of what drives accountability and control in service delivery from a sector-specific perspective. It asks why certain opportunities for or constraints on accountability tend to recur around the delivery of particular services.
Because most international donors have been focusing on improving services in rural areas, it seemed particularly important to review the available knowledge and policy advice on the governance of service delivery in urban areas.
Although the nature and severity of water problems are different from country to country, one aspect is common to most countries: water scarcity – whether quantitative, qualitative, or both - originates more from inefficient use and poor management than from any real physical limits on supply augmentation. This is the crux of water crisis and such diagnosis raises our hope that the crisis can be averted by improving water use and management. But the task is not easy, as it involves radical changes in the way water resources are developed, allocated, and managed.
This report addresses the central question of ‘what are the critical drivers that explain the uptake of disaster risk reduction policies, and how can national and international participants work to strengthen them?'
This chapter presents an empirical examination of the Chinese government’s relationship with the private sector. To what extent has the government retained direct control over productive activities rather than delegating them to private actors? To the extent that it has relied on the private
sector, how have the respective roles of local and foreign firms changed over time?
The aim of this study is to identify political economy lessons that may be of use to policy makers seeking to design, adopt and implement structural reforms. It tries to learn in particular from pensions, product markets and labour markets in ten OECD countries.
This study explores the politics of urban water supply and sanitation delivery in the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka, where
improvements in coverage have been achieved within a national context characterised by almost three decades of civil war. This isolated case offers an opportunity to unpick the role of politics in a story of 'relative' progress.
This brief aims to help bridge the gap between governance and sector specialists by examining the politics and governance of water supply through a technical, ‘sector characteristics’ lens.
This brief explores the interplay between the technical and political in relation to specific sectors, in this case sanitation. It examines the politics and governance of sanitation through a technical, ‘sector characteristics’ lens.
This brief aims to help bridge the gap between governance and sector specialists by examining the politics and governance of the health sector through a ‘sector characteristics’ lens.
Why do different services encounter particular constraints and opportunities in their delivery? In this brief, we explain why and how technical characteristics of particular sectors influence the incentives for politicians, service providers and service users, and the relationships between these groups. The approach presented here structures this understanding in a way that allows for comparisons across sectors, highlighting important differences and similarities between them.
The current study seeks to provide a framework for implementing a sustainable forestry policy. Drawing on recent forest sector studies, the report summarizes current conditions, and examines choices facing the Government, based on a multi-dimensional understanding of forest resource use and misuse in Armenia.
The purpose of this briefing note is to provide operational guidance on how to undertake politics of the budget
reviews.It is largely based on evidence drawn from case studies commissioned in 2004 (Ghana, Malawi and Mozambique).