PIA helps donors and partner countries identify the intended and unintended consequences of their interventions. PIA provides a framework for improving baseline data and monitoring the impact hypothesis during implementation and inputs for ex post evaluations. It formulates recommendations for decision makers on how the intervention might be improved. Ex ante PIA is designed to harmonise approaches. It seeks to avoid both incoherent assessments created by competing methods and often conflicting demands placed on partner governments.
PIPA is a project planning and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) approach. It is a relatively young and experimental approach that draws from programme theory evaluation, social network analysis and research to understand and foster innovation. It is designed to help the people involved in a project, programme or organization to make explicit their theories of change, or, in other words, to make explicit how they see themselves achieving their goals.
Keystone's IPAL method provides a coherent framework to meet the needs of all different constituents, staff, managers and funders. It actively fosters Constituency Voice and encourages staff to build effective relationships with other constituents. It also encourages staff to see themselves as a part of a wider system of actors, rather than just within their own organization.
The DCED Standard provides a practical framework, whereby programmes can monitor their progress towards their objectives. This enables programmes to better measure, manage, and demonstrate results.