Global health governance has gained in importance during the last decade. This development is due to the impact of globalisation and the awareness that many health challenges can no longer be solved through domestic actions alone but need to be tackled jointly by the global health community and its various actors through a coherent system of governance. The growing number of actors has led to a complex landscape in global health governance. The situation becomes more complex as the actors and the governance system also have to address new challenges (e.g. NCDs related to obesity, tobacco and alcohol).
Hence, the SDC aims at strengthening global health governance by leveraging Geneva’s position as host to many health organisations and consolidating the role of WHO as the leading global coordinating authority on health. WHO defines rules and processes and facilitates collective action against health threats. The SDC shares this goal with other Swiss federal departments and offices, who together implement the Swiss Health Foreign Policy. Three specific objectives have been outlined to achieve this policy goal:
Strengthen WHO’s coordinating and normative role in global health governance and enhance the credibility of WHO, the Global Fund and other multilateral organisations through effective and tangible development results
Strengthen multisectoral approaches and collaboration in health with multilateral partners
Strengthen Switzerland’s shareholder role in multilateral organisations through coherent policy messaging across Swiss departments.
Switzerland believes that a stronger normative and coordinating role of WHO, multisectoral collaborations for health between multilateral organisations based in Geneva as well as coherent Swiss policy messaging will foster the efficient coordination between these organisations. This in turn will contribute to strengthening global health governance and ultimately to increased effectiveness of global health interventions for the benefit of poor people in low and lower middle-income countries.