SDC Water Blog

May 14
RésEAU Webinar: Session 2 on Financial and economic analysis of development projects

Join us for a webinar on Thursday, May 31, 2018 at 14:00 CEST

(14:00 Bern | 17:00 Tashkent/ Dushanbe | 13:00 London | 15:00 Nairobi  )

A short introduction to the financial and economic analysis of development projects

Mark your calendars! The RésEAU is delighted to announce a new webniar as part of its 2018 series of webinars, which will run from April to September 2018. It is open to all SDC staff and partner organisations to attend.

This webinar is of relevance to all who are working on designing, implementing and evaluating development projects, with a particular focus on the water sector.

What is Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) and what is the difference to Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA)? Why is economic assessment important for development projects, such as the ones SDC undertake? What are the appropriate methodology and the particularities of applying CBA or CEA in the water sector?

During this webinar, Pradeep Itty, Head of Quality Assurance and Poverty Reduction at SDC, will present an overview of the methodology for CBA and CEA in the development sector. This will be followed by a presentation by Dr Dominique Guenat from the Bern University of Applied Sciences, who will give a practical example of the application of this analysis in the water sector in Zimbabwe. These two experts will be available then to answer all your questions during the second part of the webinar, which will be dedicated to a Q&A session.


This webinar will take place on Thursday, 31st of May, at 2 pm CEST (Bern time). Check your local time here

To attend the webinar, please register through the following link, by Wednesday, 30th of May. An email will be sent to all registered participants with connection details prior to the webinar.


In order to make the most of this webinar, it is strongly recommended that participants take the time to familiarise themselves with the concepts of Cost-Benefit and Cost-Effectiveness Analysis by:


This is the second webinar in a series organised by the RésEAU this year. This webinar is organized by Andreas Steiner, SDC and Meleesa Naughton, Skat. Please contact if you have any questions.

Recent webinars
The first RésEAU webinar was on "The costs of inaction: how to make the case for reform". The recording and presentations from the first RésEAU webinar are available here.

More details will be announced soon about the next webinars, which will be dedicated to the theme of Integrated Water Resources Management and water governance, with four webinars on the following topics:

  • International water management trends, from the promises to the reality;
  • IWRM in a fragmented context and the evolution of water governance at the national level;
  • The case for pragmatism in transboundary water governance;
  • Transboundary water management and the necessary compatibility of national water governance architectures.
Apr 24
RésEAU Webinar: Session 1-The costs of inaction: how to make the case for reform

​The RésEAU is organising a 2018 series of webinars, dedicated to water and open to all SDC staff and partner organisations to attend, which will run from April to September 2018.

The first RésEAU webinar took place on April 23rd, 2018 and focused on The costs of inaction: how to make the case for reform. This webinar is of relevance to all who are working on making environmental reform happen - be it on water, climate change, land use or clean air. It explored another way to push policy-makers to act, namely by quantifying and having a better understanding of the costs of inaction, or the economic benefits of policy action.

During this webinar, we heard from Dr Elisa Lanzi from the OECD who presented the methodology behind the analysis of the economic costs of environmental policies through the CIRCLE project, and how it has led policy-makers to push for reform by referring to concrete examples related to air pollution in particular. Dr Iskandar Abdullaev, director of the regional environmental centre for Central Asia CAREC and one of the authors of a recent study on Rethinking Water in Central Asia: The costs of inaction and benefits of water cooperation, presented the historical perspective and policy context in the water sector in the Central Asia region. We also heard from Dr Benjamin Pohl (Adelphi), lead author of the aforementioned study, about how the "costs of inaction" methodology was applied in this context.

Some of the main takeaways of the webinar are:

  • There is a need to communicate well on the details of the costs of inaction in a given sector, not only to policy-makers at the national or regional level, but also to a broader audience, to raise awareness of the issue and trigger debate which can create a 'window of opportunity' for reform;

  • There are challenges in linking analysis at the global or regional level with local-level impacts and actions; and in calculating direct and indirect costs, as well as market (related to GDP) and non-market costs;

  • Different levels of analysis on the 'costs of inaction' can be applied, from a sophisticated economic modelling approach to more pragmatic and less costly approach. However, getting stakeholders to accept the results of the analysis and consider them legitimate is key to create an enabling environment for policy reform.




Rethinking Water in Central Asia The costs of inaction and benefits of water cooperation by Pohl


Cost of Inaction Study in Central Asia: context and perspectives by Abdullaev



  • Pohl, Benjamin; Annika Kramer, William Hull, Sabine Blumstein, Iskandar Abdullaev, Jusipbek Kazbekov, Tais Reznikova, Ekaterina Strikeleva, Eduard Interwies and Stefan Görlitz (2017): Rethinking Water in Central Asia: The costs of inaction and benefits of water cooperation. Read the report and policy brief 



Jun 23
Power dimensions and power dynamics in the water domain II

We kept on after the lunch break, with the exciting session on power dimensions and dynamics (second session).

A discussion chaired by Lyla and with a panel consisting of Lyla, Isabella, and Christian elaborated on:

Variations of influence of invisible power at global, regional, national and local levels, as well as differences of context (fragility, conflict, culture, geography) have been discussed. Further, the panel commented on ways of programming to reduce its negative effects at different levels.

Lyla draw out and reiterated key points of the operation of invisible power and closed the session.



As the Water Team Days are coming to an end, it can be said that the participants enjoyed sharing their experiences with others and learning from each other in this fruitful face-to-face meeting.

The blog will get updated with more inputs (presentations and group work results) and a document incooperating all resources  from the event will get uploaded during the next week. Videos of Kate, Rick, Lyla and Sandra will get uploaded in the beginning of next week as well.

Soon, the participants will receive an invitation (email) for the evaluation of the event. We are looking forward to receive your feedback.

Lastly, we would like to thank all the participants for their valueable inputs, which shaped the Water Team Days 2017!

Please find here the documentation of the Water Team Days and pictures.

Kim Andreas Kessler from the Quality Assurance and Poverty Reduction Section of SDC published an interesting article about invisible power titled 'Poor People' or 'People Living in Poverty'?. Please find his contribution on the poverty well-being shareweb

Jun 23
Invisible power and inequalities in access to clean water

The Institute of Development Studies (IDS) based at the University of Sussex has recently published a Bulletin which was financially supported by the SDC QA and Poverty Reduction Section as part of the IDS – SDC QA/Poverty Collaboration. The bulletin focusses on different forms of 'power' (visible, hidden, invisible) which underlie development processes and analyzes how 'invisible power' allows perpetuate injustice and widens inequalities.

Article of the bulletin ‘Power, Poverty and Inequality’:

Why Invisible Power and Structural Violence Persist in the Water Domain by Lyla Mehta

Inequality, Power and Participation – Revisiting the Links by
John Gaventa and Bruno Martorano

Lyla Mehta opened the Invisible power session with a presentation on Invisible power and inequalities in access to clean water

A reflective report of the session on invisible power by Proefessor Lyla Mehta of IDS.


Power dimensions and power dynamics in the water domain I

During the group work the meaning and components of invisible power were clarified and the effects of invisible power in the water sector have been illustrated and dicsussed based on examples.

Lyla explained how invisible power manifests in norms, values and structures and how invisible power is one of the three faces of power with visible and hidden power in power analysis.

Three champions, Amanda Loeffen, Michael Kropac and Slava Sorokovskyi, presented  their case study in the group. The participants draw on the knowledge from the champions about the case to identify and list norms and structures affecting equality of access to water in the case. A lively discussion on how invisible power may be working to perpetuate these norms and structure and the exploration of ways of preventing its negative effects have been discussed (and how these may be included in programme design).

Olivier Magnin, Eileen Hofstetter and Florian Klingel acted as rapporteurs during the groupwork and shared their outcomes in plenary. The results will be shared here soon.

Watch a short video of Lyla Mehta talking about power dimenions and power dynamics in the water domain

Jun 23
Water Policy Session

Sandra Brühlmann gave a short introduction on the Draft of the SDC Water Policy after which the World Cafè started.

Round 1 World Café

- Governance in Water (Host: Corinne Huser, supported by Roman Ambühl)

- Gender in Water (Host: Isabella Pagotto)

- Vision, objectives, overall framework and general policy guidelines (Host: Sophie Nguyen Man)

- Objective 1 (Universal, equitable and adequate WASH, Host: Matthias Saladin)

- Objectives 2&3 (Efficient use of water and infrastructure, enhanced water quality and reduced pollution, Host: Florian Klingel)

- Objectives 4&5 (Sustainable water management and governance, international and inter-sectorial cooperation, Host: Sandra Brühlmann)


World Cafe Round 2

During the second round the hosts presented a summary of the content to be discussed – and fostered a discussion based on guiding questions. The session was about enrichting and expanding the thoughts already there.

Documents and results:  

Please note that the documents "Gender in Water" & "Integrating Governance into Water" are draft documents and under the responsibility of two other networks of SDC.

SDC Water Policy Draft

Gender in Water-Practical Guide

Integrating Governance into Water

Policy Session World Cafe Results.pdf

Watch the short video with Sandra Bühlmann giving an overview of the water policy development process. Soon the consultation process to participate in shaping the SDC water policy will be announced on the SDC water blog.

Jun 23
Good morning from the WTD in Bern

​We started on this sunny morning with a good coffee and a warm welcome by Anne Sophie Aublet from Skat Consulting Ltd., the moderator, of the event.

Dominique Favre, Deputy Head, Directorate Global Cooperation, gave an overview of the activities of the Global Cooperaton and highlighted the importance of preparation to face the challenges like migration and climate change, emphasizing that the Global Cooperation can make a difference.


"We are not going to prevent people from migrating, it is about facing the challenges", he said. "We are very optimistic and positive, because we have a solid base to work for the upcoming three years. Lets try to break the silos."

Johan Gèly gave a short input on these challenges by saying: "We need to convince the pragmatic people. Its the story of being efficient, in order to meet the targets. Development is under a huge pressure." He argued that lobbing for the work in the sector is very important in order to face these challenges and to be prepared (i.e water and migration).

Jun 22
Market Place Session II + III

​Market Place Session II: Sanitation, Resource Recovery and Hygiene

The market place continued


 on the topics:

- Resource Recovery and Reuse project in Uganda, (Host: Eileen Hofstetter, SDC GPW)

- Faecal Sludge Management in Maputo Mozambique, (Host: Odete Muximpua, World Bank, Mozambique)

- Re-used wastewater in Bolivia, (Host: Martin del Castillo, Helvetas, Bolivia)

- Wastewater re-use and faecal sludge management in Jordan, (Host: Mufleh Alalaween, SDC Jordan)

- Social microbes- an environmental sanitation assessment in a peri-urban neighbourhood in Haiti, (Hosts: John Brogan, Terre des Hommes - Technical Resource Division and Kelly Baker, University of Iowa)

- Systematic behaviour change in water, sanitation and hygiene- Experiences from implementing the handwashing with soap behaviour change project in Zimbabwe

 + handout, (Hosts: Andreas Steiner, SDC GPW and Blessing Nyagumbo, Action Aid International, Zimbabwe)


Market Place Session III: Sharing of experiences


on the following topics took place:

- HWTS for remote communities in Comoros, (Host: Jerome Voillat, Antenna Foundation)

- Toolbox for water integrity in Kenya, (Host: Lotte Feuerstein, Water Integrity Network)

- Water Governance Programmes in Pakistan, (Host: Shafaq Masud, SDC Pakistan)

- Tariffs and realisation of the SDGs a case of Central Asia, (Host: Olivier Normand, International Secretariat for Water, Tajikistan - Uzbekistan)

- The rural Wash Agenda in Latin America and the Caribbean, (Host: Cesarina Quintana, SDC GPW Hub Peru) 

- SDG 6 Monitoring in Uganda, (Host: Klaus Leroch, Austrian Development Agency)


Jun 22
The Market Place Session I is on!

​After a refreshing lunch break, the first market place session on Regional and Global Trends took place.

The hosts of the 6 market stalls presented on the topics below. The market place is a great opportunity for the participants to learn and to share experiences around one specific topic.


The following topics have been discussed during the Regional and Global Trends Session

- Cooperation trends Eastern Europe and Central Asia, Thierry Umbehr 

- Cooperation trends Latin America and the Caribbean, Sergio Perez 

- Strengthening the environmental component of Blue , Schools, Daya Moser and Lucie Leckert

- SDC's Water Risk, Sandra Brühlmann

- Sustainable Sanitation Water Management Toolbox, Michael Kropac

- Cooperation Trends in Humanitarian Aid, Marc-Andrè Bünzli 



During the sessions, the participants have the opportunity to learn from experts on various interesting topics in a short period of time. We are looking forward to the next session. We will continue with the second session on sanitation, resource recovery and hygiene right after the break.

Please find the overview over the market place sessions including the hosts and the

results of the Market Place Report 1 group work

Jun 22
SDGs and SDG monitoring

Rick Johnston and Kate Medlicott experts in Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Health working at the WHO shared their experience with data at work related to the SDGs, how to stimulate data collecting efforts towards measuring the SDGs, objectives of Integrated Monitoring i.e. Methodologies need to be developed in order to monitor SDG 6 and baseline support to countries is crucial to be able to monitor SDGs. Next steps for countries to monitor SDGs are highlighted by Kate and final thoughts shared which gave a great insight on monitoring SDGs.For more information please find here the presentation. Their short and contact can be found in the WTD brochure.

Presentation of Dr Rick Johnston on JMP Monitoring the WASH SDGs and on Integrated Monitoring of SDG 6 from Kate Medlicott

Further, Tandiwe Erlmann shared her experience about SDCs support to SDG implementation in in Tanzania and Macedonia. Tanzania is polictical stable whereas Macedonia faces political instability. The challenges and opportunities in these countries in view of the water supply are differing but the aim is the same: sustainable water and sanitation management. Hanna Capeder shared her experience about a recent project visit in Tanzania: "The content of documents and the experience on the ground differ widely and the policies are sometimes not reflected on the ground, which shows that their is a way to go". Tandiwe ends with saying that SDC can play a more coordinating role regarding the implementation and monitoring of SDGs.

The presentation on Monitoring of SDGs in Tanzania and Macedonia - Follow-up mission Aguasan


Further, group discussions, facilitated by 4 hosts, on the following topics took place: 

- Monitoring SDG 6: collecting and managing data, (host: Dr Rick Johnston)

- Monitoring SDG with a Human Rights to Water and Sanitation lens (host:

Amanda Loeffen and Rose Alabaster, Waterlex) 

- Capacities and resources to monitor SDG 6 (host: Kate Medlicott)

- How to engage the private sector to achieve SDG 6 (host: Eileen Hofstetter)

 The summary of the discussion group results on SDGs and Monitoring of SDGs 

Rick Johnston talks about monitoring of the SDG 61. and SDG 6.2 in this short video






Jun 22
Update from the Global Programme Water

​Presentation of the new Global Programme Water Strategy

Johan Gély presented the new Global Programme Water Strategy which builds on the vision of a Water-Secure World, highlighting the four strategic lines: Water Governance, Water solutions, Water Voice, Young People and Gender Equality.


"Absolute key to get closer to our vision is partnering with regional organizations", Johan Gély emphasized. Regarding the finances of the GPW, it is said that “Even if the financial planning for the 2017-2010 period is less than 23 milion CHF to what was expected, there is still some financial flexibility."


See the new Global Programme Water Strategy

Presentation on the GPW strategy by Johan Gély  

Updates on projects and activities of GPW

Olivier Magnin, SDC Programme Officer, started with his presentation on the GPW support to Water entrepreneurs.

Please find the presentation on water entrepreneurs 


Roman Ambühl and Sandra Bruehlmann gave an update on upcoming events: TheWater Week in Stockholm and the World Water Forum in Brazil. Further, Christian Eggs and Hanna Capeder gave an update on Young people & Astana.

Lastly, Christian Eggs, the Deputy Head of the SDC Global Programme Water and Focal Point  gave an update on the RèsEAU Network, the Focal Point and Core Group.​Christian hands his position as Focal Point over to Hanna on the 1st of July 2017.

Due to increased efforts the activities of the network (dgroups, special edition newsletter i.e) increased as well as the exchange of its members. During the next year the support for regional meetings will increase, so that in addition to the WTD in Bern, face to face meetings are taking place in different programme regions as well. Further, the development of the Sub-RèsEAU Africa will be focused on during the next year and on promoting active networking in the existing Sub- RèsEAU groups.


The presentation on the RèsEAU updates by Christian Eggs


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