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​Other organisations' work on LNOB

​United Nations 

(incl. specialised agencies)


UNICEF (2021), Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH): A Guidance Note for Leaving No One Behind (LNOB)

UNDP (2020), Checklist for a Human Rights-Based Approach to Socio-Economic Country Responses to COV​ID-19.

UNDP (2020), ​Temporary Basic Income: Protecting Poor and Vulnerable People in Developing Countries.​​

UNESCO (2019), The United Nations World Water Development Report 2019: Leaving No One Behind.

UNSDG (2019), Leaving No One Behind: A UNSDG Operational Guide for UN Country Teams. Interim Draft.

UNDP (2018), W​hat Does it Mean to Leave No One Behind? Discussion Paper and a Framework for Implementation. ​

Development Initiatives (DI)

Development Initiatives, ​Tracking the progress of the poorest people​.

Development Initiatives (2016), The P20: methods for tracking the status of people in the poorest 20%. Background Paper.

The P20 Initiative, developed by Development Initiatives (DI), is an effort to better understand the data on people who are at risk of being left behind so that action can be taken and policies and resources can be better targeted. ​The P20 approach focuses on a small number of indicators linked to the SDGs to assess whether the people in the poorest 20% of the population (the P20) are being included in progress. To leave no one behind, the progress of the P20 needs to be fast enough to narrow the gap between them and everyone else. The approach highlights the importance of disaggregation by wealth quintile, gender, geography, age and disability to track the inclusion of different groups.​​

Development Initi​atives (2020), The P20 in Benin: From consultation to consensus. Report. 

The P20 approach has been concretely applied in Benin. The report presents current trends among the poorest 20% in Benin and provides recommendations. It is a joint product of DI, the governments of Benin and Switzerland, and Maison de la Société Civile.  ​

Development Initiatives (2018), How the P20 are doing in your country​. Factsheet.

Are you interested in how the P20 are doing in your country? DI provides analysis of available data on the poorest 20% in comparison to the rest of the population in every country of the world (where data exists).

​Deutsche   Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit   (GIZ) GmbH


GIZ (2021), Indicators Matter to LNOB: An indicator toolbox to leave no one behind in fighting poverty and inequality - A practical guide for project designers and implementers.

​​GIZ (2021), L’importance des indicateurs ​pour le principe LNOB: Des indicateurs comme outils visant à ne laisser personne de côté dans la lutte contre la pauvreté et les inégalités - Guide pratique pour les concepteurs de projets et les responsables de leur mise en œuvre. 

GIZ (2021), Indikatoren für das LNOB-Prinzip: Eine Indikatoren-Toolbox, um im Kampf gegen Armut und Ungleichheit niemanden zurückzulassen - Praktischer Leitfaden für Projektentwickler*innen und Projektdurchführende.

GIZ (2020), Poverty-Inequality. Dedicated website on poverty, inequality and leave no one behind. ​

GIZ (​2020), Leave No One Behind. Guidelines for Project Planners and Practitioners. ​​

GIZ (2017), The 2030 Agenda: How it Being Implemented at GIZ.​​