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​Other organisations' work on LNOB

​United Nations 

(incl. specialised agencies)


UNDP (2020), Checklist for a Human Rights-Based Approach to Socio-Economic Country Responses to COVID-19.

UNDP (2020), ​Temporary Basic Income: Protecting Poor and Vulnerable People in Developing Countries.​​

UNESCO (2019), The United Nations World Water Development Report 2019: Leaving No One Behind.

UNSDG (2019), Leaving No One Behind: A UNSDG Operational Guide for UN Country Teams. Interim Draft.

UNDP (2018), What Does it Mean to Leave No One Behind? Discussion Paper and a Framework for Implementation. 

Development Initiatives (DI)

Development Initiatives, ​Tracking the progress of the poorest people​.

Development Initiatives (DI) explains the P20 approach, which means focusing on the poorest 20% of people, their needs, and the data to measure their progress. This approach insists on the progress of the most vulnerable people and highlights the key priority of DI to encourage countries to improve how they track the progress of the poorest people in their populations to ensure no one is left behind.

Development Initiatives (2016), The P20: methods for tracking the status of people in the poorest 20%. Background Paper.

This background paper describes the shortcomings of the focus on aggregated economic numbers such as gross domestic product (GDP) growth, not the status of people and calls for the Data Revolution linked with the UN’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development to deliver progress for the poorest 20% of the world’s population – the P20.​

Development Initiatives (2020), The P20 in Benin: From consultation to consensus. Report. 

This report presents current trends among the poorest 20% of people in Benin and providing recommendations for delivering on the Sustainable Development Goals pledge to leave no one behind. The report is a joint product of DI, the governments of Benin and Switzerland, and Maison de la Société Civile. Each chapter can be downloaded and read separately and the data used is made accessible for anyone.​

Development Initiatives (2018), How the P20 are doing in your country​. Factsheet.

DI provides a possibility to explore data on the poorest 20% in every country across the world and how they compare to the rest of the population across indicators, such as income and education.​