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Equality, Equity and Inclusion

A differentiated understanding of poverty and its root causes, including those of a structural nature, is fundamental for the design, implementation and monitoring of a programme/project aimed to reduce poverty in a sustainable manner. Here it is important to stress that working with certain groups to the exclusion of others – often those who have the least voice – can contribute to an increase of social inequalities. Not only can this amount to a denial of human rights and thus be morally inacceptable; it can also undermine any chance of sustainable development:

 “[...] inequalities matter for the achievement of the MDGs. Inequalities matter at the macroeconomic level because they slow down the pace at which a given rate of growth translates into poverty reduction. They also matter for society at large because they generate high levels of social tensions, crime and conflict, with adverse effects for human wellbeing and progress.”
Naila Kabeer, 2010

In times of the 2030 Agenda, this statement has become even more relevant. There is increasing consensus between various development agencies such as the World Bank, UNDP, Government Agencies, NGOs and the World Economic Forum (WEF) that inequalities need to be tackled in order to achieve sustainable development along the 2030 Agenda. However, the reasons why an emphasis is set on reducing inequalities vary as well as how 'inequality' is defined.

To learn more about this topic, join our Learning Trajectory Global Inequalities.


Further Information


> Oxfam report 'Time to Care' on sexist economic systems fuelling inequalities


> Inequalities unwrapped: an urgent call for systemic change

> Publication by Courrier International: Atlas des Inégalités

> ​Oxfam report ‘Public good or private wealth’ published


AFD International Conference 2018 – There is nothing inevitable about inequalities

AFD - A Research Facility to better understand Inequalities

> ​Interview: Inequality debate is highly controversial

> Reward work, not wealth - Oxfam Inequality Report

> Outcomes or opportunities: what should equality really look like?


> The SDC and Inequalities

> Inclusive Development Index​

> An Economy for the 99%​

> Challenging Inequalities: Pathways to a Just World

2016 and earlier

> Les Inegalités son-elles une Fatalité? Solutions Proposées pour la Société Civile

> Approaches and Policies for Reducing Inequalities

> Reminding Davos Delegates of Global Inequality

> The Inequality Debate: We Can Do Something About It

> Is there Poverty in Kosovo? An Interview with Teuta Kastrati, Gender and Returnees Officer of Kamenica Municipality, Kosovo

> Wellbeing in Laos