December 2017 / Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Research Fellow Migration, ODI, London
Rapid urbanisation in developing countries is a defining
feature of the 21st century, driven by internal migration and
population growth. How urbanisation processes are managed and the types
of jobs that internal migrants can access will have a great bearing on
achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
policy briefing focuses on the economic integration of internal migrants
arriving to cities in rapidly urbanising countries. It highlights two
important SDGs, from migrants' perspectives: the promotion of full,
productive employment and decent work for all (Goal 8), and making
cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
(Goal 11). This briefing synthesises the evidence on the impact of
internal migration on migrants' livelihoods, host cities' development
and overall poverty reduction. We assess how both migrants and 'host'
cities can benefit from migration. We then put forward the policy
instruments at city and national level that could help in achieving the
Authors: Paula Lucci, Dina Mansour-Ille, Evan Easton-Calabria and Clare Cummings
briefing is part of a series of eight briefings, which consider how
migration and key development areas interact and shows that migration is
key to achieving the 2030 Agenda. The other briefings can be found here.