Disaster Risk Reduction: a decisive step towards sustainable development
Development gains can be lost by a wide spectrum of hazards, being natural, geopolitical, and economical. These shocks and stresses on a system (a nation, community, individual) cause the expansion of poverty.
The world is facing an unprecedented scale of disasters. The number of reported natural disasters including droughts, floods, windstorms and earthquakes has tripled in the past few decades. Disasters caused by natural hazards such as floods, wind storms, droughts, landslides, earthquakes left 2.9 billion people affected, 1.2 million killed between 2000 and 2012 (UNISDR). Over the same period, the number of affected persons has been even greater due to the following reasons:
For further details please also see the tab that links to "Disaster Impact on Development".
While events are inevitable, their impact on human and economic losses and on the number of people affected can be limited by building resilience of a system to these various shocks and stresses.
Disaster Risk Reduction Mechanism (SDC follows UNISDR terminology):
The basis for building disaster resilience is to assess hazards and risks.
The various mechanisms exist to reduce risks of disasters caused by natural hazards:
The reduction of risks depends on the mix of measures.
Do you want to test your capacity to reduce risks of disasters? Let's meet on www.stopdisastersgame.org
For further readings on related topics please find the following recommended links:
Special Report on Extreme Events and Disasters (SREX)