SDC promotes an improved normative and operational international DRR system that supports institutions at local, national and regional (trans-national) levels in increasing the capacity of disaster-prone countries to take appropriate measures and decisions to reduce the risk of disasters.
Disaster risk reduction is a multi-stakeholder issue. Coordinated efforts at global and regional (trans-national) levels are crucial to efficient risk reduction. Disaster management has traditionally been a concern of humanitarian institutions. More recently, development agencies such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank have made DRR a priority area. In 1999 the United Nations General Assembly created the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR) to foster and coordinate DRR activities at global level. In 2005, at the World Conference for Disaster Reduction in Kobe, Japan, 168 countries drafted and approved the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA): a 10-year strategy to integrate disaster risk reduction into the development programmes of individual nations. It was followed by the adoption of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 at the Third United Nations World Conference on DRR which took place in March 2015 in Sendai, Japan. However, a more systematic integration of DRR into development planning remains a challenge at all levels.
SDC contributes to the strengthening of the international DRR system:
1) At normative level: by promoting DRR in multilateral forums, for example in the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the UN General Assembly. 2) At operational level: by cooperating with the major global development organisations, e.g. the International Finance Institutions (IFIs), and the United Nations organisations and regional institutions, to promote DRR programmes and to make development activities and processes disaster-resilient, notably by integrating DRR into Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, Common Country Assessments and UN Development Assistance Frameworks (UNDAFs) in disaster-prone countries. 3) At institutional level: by strengthening the international system through the promotion of DRR initiatives and coordination mechanisms and by supporting, in particular, the UNISDR Secretariat (International Strategy for Disaster Reduction), the Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR), the Global Network of Civil Society Organisations for Disaster Reduction (GNDR). 4) At the level of international conventions: by linking and promoting DRR within the implementation of environmental conventions and other international frameworks and mechanisms, in particular the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
5) With bilateral aid donor agencies: by promoting the mainstreaming of DRR in their activities. 6) At internal level: by reviewing SDC institutional strategies for its multilateral partners and reinforcing the DRR components where appropriate.