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​​​​​Political Economy

The objective of Political Economy is to understand how power and resources are distributed, organized and contested in different contexts, and how this relates to development processes. It is an approach to understand the political factors and political dynamics in the context in which change should take place, and to identify entry points for change. It further analyses the possible implications of change/reforms for different population groups, i.e. who benefits and who loses, what potential tensions, conflicts this implies and what this means in terms of risk identification and its management. Finally it is a lens through which to look at development problems.

A range of analytical tools and methods offer support in understanding: [A] institutional structures; [B] decision making processes; [C] key players that could push or bloc a reform, their power position and motivations; [D] the understanding of incentives, constraints and obstacles to reform.

Political economy analysis combines the economic principle of rational behaviour that influences decision making with the political perspective of power positions and power relations, both formal and informal power. Tools help to identify ways to maximize support, or minimize resistance, find the right incentives and targeted interventions for most cost effective results and more transformative (political) change processes.

You will find in this site selected information that will help you get an understanding of the topic; tools that can support you in your day-to-day work; and a selection of reports that will give you a flavour of the richness and usefulness of political economy analysis. You also find documentation of PE seminars, such as our 2017 webinar series on political economy.

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 Links

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    Webinar Series on Political Economy Analysis 2017

    In the Framework of Learn4Dev SDC organized a Webinar Series on Political Economy Analysis throughout 2017 with ECDPM.

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    Practice guide: A Combined Approach to Political Economy and Power Analysis

    IDS, SDC | 2013

    This practice paper offers a simple step by step guide to help development practitioners identify the critical actors and institutions needed to facilitate or block new policies.

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    PED Network - Basic tools 3: Impact of reforms

    SDC | 2011

    The analysis of distributional effects of reforms at the macro - and micro - levels looks at the access to resources of different groups and individuals as well as the distribution of benefits and power.

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    PED Network - Basic tools 2: Drivers of change

    SDC | 2011

    Understanding that stakeholders apply different power resources to influence reform processes.

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    PED Network - Basic tools 1: Stakeholder analysis

    SDC | 2011

    The stakeholder analysis allows us to identify and analyse the different parties that can make or break a reform programme in a specific context.

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    PED Network - Basic tools: an introduction

    SDC | 2011

    The introduction to the 'Three basic tools' document focuses on the political economy lens.

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    Stakeholder Analysis (SA) in the context of SDC’s Project Cycle Management

    SDC | 2013

    This How-to-note aims at providing an overview of where and why do a Stakeholder Analysis within the SDC project cycle. It also briefly explains what is a Stakeholder Analysis, and which minimal standards need to be filled by SDC projects in dealing with Stakeholders.

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    Actors of conflict (1) - Conflict mapping

    SDC |

    This one-page taken from the COPRET Module 3 powerpoint shows the possible symbols used in conflict mapping, with an illustrative example from Sudan's North - South conflict.

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    Expected Utility Stakeholder Model and governance reforms

    World Bank | 2004

    The note explores how the Expected Utility Stakeholder Model could more systematically feed into Bank decisions about operational priorities and program designs.

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    Political Economy in Practice: Lessons from the Field

    World Bank | 2011

    This note synthesizes the experience of three political economy case studies: the water sector in West Bank and Gaza, the bus sector in Dhaka, Bangladesh, and the port sector in Chittagong, Bangladesh. The objective is to describe the process of conducting these types of studies, and how recommendations which have a higher chance of feeding into reforms or operations can be developed.

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    Political Economy Assessments at Sector and Project Levels

    World Bank | 2011

    This note is intended to provide sector- and project-based operational teams with an understanding of why and how to commission a political economy assessment.

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    The Political Economy of Policy Reform: Issues and Implications for Policy Dialogue and Development Operations

    World Bank | 2008

    The objectives of the study are twofold: to analyze the political economy of reform by looking at stakeholder interests, incentives, institutions, risks, opportunities, and processes from a social analysis perspective; and to illustrate "what works, why and how" for a better understanding and management of political economy issues in the design and implementation of reforms and development operations.

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    Politics into practice: A dialogue on governance strategies and action in international development

    ODI | 2011

    The ODI gathered an engaging group of thoughtful practitioners and active thinkers concerned with politics in development to identify and discuss the key questions at hand and ahead. This report outlines and summarises the results of their discussions.

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    Using Political Economy Analysis to improve EU Development Effectiveness

    European Commission | 2011

    The concept paper explains what is meant by political economy analysis, why it matters fundamentally for understanding development challenges and outcomes, and the implications for donors. It also offers practical guidance on how to undertake political economy analysis at country and sector level, and suggests how to draw on the analysis to inform every aspect of EU development activity, including programming, identification and formulation of specific interventions, risk management and policy dialogue.

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    Designing Strategic Responses Towards Good Governance

    Netherlands Institute of International Relations | 2007

    In recent years the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and its Embassies have made considerable progress in analysing the governance climate in partner countries. The Strategic Governance And Corruption Analysis (SGACA) is designed as a tool to build on and enhance those efforts, by facilitating a more strategic approach to analysing the context for governance and anti-corruption for each partner country.

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    Is Political Analysis Changing Donor Behaviour?

    2008

    This paper is based on the author’s collaboration with a range of donor agencies, including with DFID and the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs to develop and implement analytical frameworks for political analysis, and more peripheral contact with the World Bank team developing problem driven governance and political economy analysis.

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    Institutional and context analysis guidance note

    UNDP | 2012

    This Guidance Note offers ideas on undertaking country level institutional and context analysis (ICA) to develop a Country Programme and conducting an ICA at the sector or project level.

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    Political Economy Analysis – Selected Readings

    The Policy Practice Ltd | 2012

    Political economy analysis covers an expanding area of development theory and practice drawing on an extensive and dispersed body of literature. As an aid to navigating this wide-ranging subject area The Policy Practice has prepared the following annotated bibliography of key readings.

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    Power Analysis: A Practical Guide

    Sida | 2013

    The guide combines academic knowledge about power, how power is created and operates, and how different forms of power interplay, with experiences of conducted Power Analysis. It explains the relationship between a political economy analysis (PEA) and a power analysis and what kind of knowledge you can expect to gain from making different forms of analysis.

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    Survey of Donor Approaches to Governance Assessment

    OECD | 2008

    Bilateral and multilateral development agencies have engaged intensively in assessing governance over the last decade. To explore opportunities for increased harmonization and alignment in this area, members of the OECD DAC’s GOVNET have commissioned a survey of donor approaches to governance assessments. The survey reported here focuses on general and thematic governance assessment approaches actually used by agencies.

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    Lessons learned on the use of Power and Drivers of Change Analyses in development cooperation

    OECD DAC Network on Governance | 2005 | East and Southern Africa, South Asia, Latin America and Caribbean,

    This review compares and contrasts different donor approaches to conducting Power and Drivers of Change (DOC) analysis, and looks at what is being done with the findings, in order to learn lessons for future work. It draws mainly on studies conducted in four countries – Bangladesh, Bolivia, Kenya, and Tanzania – as basis for deriving findings and recommendations for this type of work.

  • https://www.shareweb.ch/site/DDLGN/Documents/ODI%202005%2C-Moncrieffe%2C-Luttrell_Understanding-the-political-economy-of-sectors-and-policy-arenas.jpg

    AN ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF SECTORS AND POLICY ARENAS

    ODI | 2005

    This analytical framework provides a practical tool to guide DFID country office teams in designing and conducting analyses of the political economy of specific sectors and policy arenas.

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    Political economy analysis with a legitimacy twist: What is it and why does it matter?

    NORAD | 2010

    This guidance note presents a way of analysing governance and statebuilding. It is based on an approach to political economy analysis that Norad has tried out and found helpful. The approach implies adding an analysis of the legitimacy of the state to the standard political economy analysis. It is based on an understanding of the legitimacy of the state developed in work on fragile states in OECD/DAC.

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    From Drivers of Change to the Politics of Development: Refining the Analytical Framework to understand the politics of the places where we work - Part 3: Final Report

    DFID, University of York | 2006

    The approach developed in this paper is not a theory of how change happens. Rather it is a framework for identifying and analysing the political processes whereby it occurs.

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    From Drivers of Change to the Politics of Development: Refining the Analytical Framework to understand the politics of the places where we work

    DFID, University of York | 2007

    The central objective of this refinement of the drivers of change (DoC) initiative has been to emphasize the primacy of politics in developmental processes and outcomes. This document constitutes notes of guidance for DFID offices.

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    Exploring power for change

    IDS | 2007

    This is a powerpoint presentation by John Gaventa on the power for change. It was prepared for the Novib workshop that took place in November 2007.

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    Applied political economy analysis: five practical issues

    ODI | 2013

    This note focuses on the five relevant issues related to applied political economy analysis. It draws on more than a decade of practical experience with applied political economy in development work and aims to provide basic guidance for newcomers to the field.

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    Topic Guide on Political Economy Analysis

    Governance and Social Development Resource Centre GSDRC | 2012

    This topic guide provides pointers to some of the key literature on donor approaches to political economy analysis and its effectiveness in different contexts. It includes examples of analyses and tools applied at country, sector and programme level.

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    Capacity WORKS: The Management Model for Sustainable Development

    GTZ | 2009

    The understanding of capacity development in Capacity WORKS has been modified, making it more precise. The key changes are explained in this update with reference to one tool affected by the changes: ‘Consultancy Strategies in Capacity Development’ (Success Factor Strategy).

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    Problem-driven governance and political economy analysis

    IBRD, World Bank | 2009

    The objective of this good practice framework is to systematize approaches to governance and political economy analysis and to provide readily available orientation for World Bank task team leaders and teams.

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    Donors Doing Political Economy Analysis: From Process to Product (and back again?)

    University of Birmingham | 2013

    This paper’s primary contribution will be to critically analyse the political economy of PEA practice to date and suggest that it is the methodology and nature of the approach itself which has been most problematic for its overall efficacy.

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    Using Political Economy Analysis to improve EU Development Effectiveness

    European Commission | 2012

    The concept paper explains what is meant by political economy analysis, why it matters fundamentally for understanding development challenges and outcomes, and the implications for donors. It also offers practical guidance on how to undertake political economy analysis at country and sector level, and suggests how to draw on the analysis to inform every aspect of EU development activity.

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    Project Cycle Management Guidelines

    European Commission | 2004

    These Guidelines have been prepared to support ongoing improvements in the quality of EC development assistance. Quality is defined primarily in terms of the relevance, feasibility and effectiveness of the programmes and projects supported with EC funds, including how well they are managed.

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    Making development assistance more effective by using political economy analysis: what has been done and what have we learned?

    The Policy Practice | 2010 | West Africa, South Asia,

    Political economy analysis is being more systematically used by development agencies to understand the real world. Much valuable work has been done in recent years in developing new analytical frameworks, generating fresh insights and applying these to problem-solving. Nigeria and Bangladesh are two positive examples where PEA has demonstrated its analytical and operational usefulness.

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    Mapping Political Context: A Toolkit for CSOs

    DFID |

    Drivers of Change (DoC) is an approach developed by DFID to address the lack of linkages between a country’s political framework and the operations of development agencies. The approach focuses on ‘the interplay of economic, social and political factors that support or impede’ poverty reduction (OECD DAC, 2005).

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    Smart Guide: Political Economy Analysis

    DFID | 2014

    There are an increasing number of political economy tools available to development agencies for a range of analytical and operational purposes. This note brings together this material with a view to explaining the relevance and uses of political economy analysis.

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    Using Drivers of Change to improve aid effectiveness

    DFID | 2005

    This note records the considerable progress made within DFID on Drivers of Change (DOC). It notes the work being undertaken to mainstream the approach further and to ensure the knowledge produced is used regularly by country offices and headquarters alike.

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    Drivers of change

    DFID | 2004

    DFID is looking for ways of improving its knowledge through an approach called Drivers of Change. This 3-page note explains the Drivers of Change approach and the impact it is beginning to have on DFID’s policies and programmes.

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    Applying Political Stakeholder Analysis - How can it work?

    DANIDA | 2011

    This report addresses how the findings of a political-economy analysis can feed into a stakeholder assessment. As such, this report could be read in conjunction with the World Bank’s framework for political-economy “Problem -driven Governance and Political Economy Analysis - Good Practice Framework”.

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    Actors of Conflict (2) — The four A‘s

    SDC | 2013

    This one-page document originally aimed at SDC CHR Net members is a check-list to map actors of conflict.

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    The Political Economy of Disaster Risk Reduction

    UNDP | 2011

    This report addresses the central question of ‘what are the critical drivers that explain the uptake of disaster risk reduction policies, and how can national and international participants work to strengthen them?'

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    Aiding Economic Growth in Africa: The Political Economy of Roads Reform in Uganda

    ODI | 2009 | East and Southern Africa,

    This study is a contribution to ongoing efforts exploring the usefulness of political economy analysis for informing support to economic growth in DFID partner countries. It was commissioned with a view to informing a difficult operational policy choice: whether and how DFID should support a particular sectoral change process, a process with obvious potential but surrounded by several unanswered questions concerning political interests and institutional variables.

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    Summary sheet EC approach: Analysing Sector Governance

    European Commission | 2008

    How can political and institutional constraints be addressed so as to improve the effectiveness of aid at sector level? This section from a European Commission publication offers a framework for analysing sector governance.

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    The Institutional Economics of Water: A Cross-Country Analysis of Institutions and Performance

    World Bank | 2004

    Although the nature and severity of water problems are different from country to country, one aspect is common to most countries: water scarcity – whether quantitative, qualitative, or both - originates more from inefficient use and poor management than from any real physical limits on supply augmentation. This is the crux of water crisis and such diagnosis raises our hope that the crisis can be averted by improving water use and management. But the task is not easy, as it involves radical changes in the way water resources are developed, allocated, and managed.

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    Corruption and illicit financial flows: The limits and possibilities of current approaches

    Chr. Michelsen Institute, Anti-Corruption Resource Centre | 2011

    This paper attempts to clarify the links between illicit financial flows and corruption, and how corruption may be tackled by stemming such flows. For this purpose, it clarifies the terminology surrounding illicit flows, describes the impact of such flows, outlines the techniques used to launder them, and critically analyses existing policies designed to tackle illicit flows.

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    Political economy analysis for operations in water and sanitation: A guidance note

    ODI |

    The purpose of this guidance note is to provide DFID staff with an overview of how Political Economy Analysis (PEA) can improve programme design in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector.

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    Strengthening pro-poor targeting of investments by African utilities in urban water and sanitation - the role of the International Development Association of the World Bank

    ODI, SOAS, WaterAid | 2012 | West Africa, East and Southern Africa,

    The research has focused on projects in three countries: Ghana, Burkina Faso and Tanzania. The study aims to assess how the inclusion of low-income areas and households is conceptualised in urban water supply and sanitation policies and strategies, designed in the specific projects under consideration and implemented on the ground.

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    Approaches to Conducting Political Economy Analysis in the Urban Water Sector

    World Bank | 2012 | West Africa, South Asia, Latin America and Caribbean,

    This paper introduces the reader to political economy, explains how political economy analysis can be a useful -if not indispensable- operational tool and offers actual case studies across a spectrum of learning situations. This paper makes extensive use of case studies that apply political economy analysis. The cases span successful reformers, such as Chile and Senegal; reforms where the results are still incomplete or have not been replicated, such as Ghana and Panama; and those where reforms are pending, such as Pakistan.

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    International drivers of corruption: A tool for analysis

    OECD | 2012

    This publication is a step towards a more innovative approach to addressing the effects of international drivers of corruption on the domestic political economy. It provides a hands-on tool for international agencies in development, tax co-operation, trade or security to clearly identify which international drivers are affecting the specific domestic governance environment, how they are affecting it, and where international action can best be leveraged.

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    The political economy of reform

    OECD | 2009

    The aim of this study is to identify political economy lessons that may be of use to policy makers seeking to design, adopt and implement structural reforms. It tries to learn in particular from pensions, product markets and labour markets in ten OECD countries.

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    East African prospects: An update on the political economy of Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda

    ODI | 2014 | East and Southern Africa,

    Based on published research, media reports, the authors' inside knowledge on certain topics and recent interviews with well-placed observers in the region, this report is intended to provide guidance to any practical development organisation approaching a new phase of strategic planning in East Africa.

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    Political economy analysis for operations in water and sanitation: A guidance note

    ODI | 2012

    The purpose of this guidance note is to provide DFID staff with an overview of how Political Economy Analysis (PEA) can improve programme design in the water supply, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector.

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    The politics of progress on water and sanitation in Colombo, Sri Lanka

    ODI | 2013 | South Asia,

    This study explores the politics of urban water supply and sanitation delivery in the city of Colombo, Sri Lanka, where improvements in coverage have been achieved within a national context characterised by almost three decades of civil war. This isolated case offers an opportunity to unpick the role of politics in a story of 'relative' progress.

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    Political economy analysis for water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) service delivery

    ODI | 2012 | West Africa, East Asia, South Asia,

    This project briefing provides a number of recommendations for practitioners using Political Economy Analysis in the Water, Sanitation anf Hygiene sector drawing on ODI research in Viet Nam and Sierra Leone.

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    No one in charge: Kyrgyzstan’s water and sanitation supply sector

    ADB, DFID | 2012 | Commonwealth of Independent States,

    This document is the final draft of a Risk Assessment Report and Risk Management Plan designed to inform the Asian Development Bank’s Country Partnership Strategy (CPS) for the Kyrgyz Republic for the years 2012-2016.

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    Understanding the forestry sector of Armenia: current conditions and choices

    Forest Law Enforcement and Governance FLEG | 2011

    The current study seeks to provide a framework for implementing a sustainable forestry policy. Drawing on recent forest sector studies, the report summarizes current conditions, and examines choices facing the Government, based on a multi-dimensional understanding of forest resource use and misuse in Armenia. .

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    The technical is political: why understanding the political implications of technical characteristics can help improve service delivery

    ODI | 2013

    Why do different services encounter particular constraints and opportunities in their delivery? In this brief, we explain why and how technical characteristics of particular sectors influence the incentives for politicians, service providers and service users, and the relationships between these groups. The approach presented here structures this understanding in a way that allows for comparisons across sectors, highlighting important differences and similarities between them.

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    The technical is political: Understanding the political implications of sector characteristics for the delivery of sanitation services

    ODI, University of Birmingham | 2014

    This brief explores the interplay between the technical and political in relation to specific sectors, in this case sanitation. It examines the politics and governance of sanitation through a technical, ‘sector characteristics’ lens.

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    The technical is political: What does this mean in the health sector?

    ODI, University of Birmingham | 2014

    This brief aims to help bridge the gap between governance and sector specialists by examining the politics and governance of the health sector through a ‘sector characteristics’ lens.

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    The technical is political: Understanding the political implications of sector characteristics for the delivery of drinking water services

    ODI, University of Birmingham | 2013

    This brief aims to help bridge the gap between governance and sector specialists by examining the politics and governance of water supply through a technical, ‘sector characteristics’ lens.

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    The governance of urban service delivery in developing countries - Literature review

    ODI | 2014

    Because most international donors have been focusing on improving services in rural areas, it seemed particularly important to review the available knowledge and policy advice on the governance of service delivery in urban areas.

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    Analysing the governance and political economy of water and sanitation service delivery

    ODI | 2011

    How can the development community best analyse the governance and political economy of water supply and sanitation service delivery in developing countries? How can the analysis of governance and political economy of the sector inform policy, programming and influencing work? This Working Paper addresses the above questions.

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    Analysing the politics of public services: a service characteristics approach

    ODI, University of Birmingham | 2014

    The service characteristics approach, described here, was developed as a tool to explain the political dynamics of particular services. It has been tested and elaborated in discussion with specialists in health, education, water and sanitation, focusing on current debates in each sector.

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    From Poverty to Power: How active citizens and effective states can change the world

    Oxfam | 2012

    This book explores many different ways in which poverty is being fought through the empowerment of the people whose deprivations relate ultimately to their helplessness in a badly organised world. The book discusses a number of different types of initiatives across the world that have enhanced and expanded the powers of the powerless and through that have reduced the unfreedoms that characterise the poverty of the deprived.

  • https://www.shareweb.ch/site/DDLGN/Documents/Edelmann-2009-Analysing-and-managing-the-political-dynamics-of-sector-reform-PE-Approaches.jpg

    Analysing and managing the political dynamics of sector reforms: a sourcebook on sector-level political economy approaches

    ODI | 2009

    This sourcebook provides an up-to-date overview of a selection of the most insightful approaches, frameworks and studies designed to analyse and manage political dynamics of sector reforms in the context of development cooperation.

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    Understanding the politics of the budget: What drives change in the budget process?

    DFID | 2007 | West Africa, East and Southern Africa,

    The purpose of this briefing note is to provide operational guidance on how to undertake politics of the budget reviews.It is largely based on evidence drawn from case studies commissioned in 2004 (Ghana, Malawi and Mozambique).

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    The Political Economy of Private-Sector Development in China

    This chapter presents an empirical examination of the Chinese government’s relationship with the private sector. To what extent has the government retained direct control over productive activities rather than delegating them to private actors? To the extent that it has relied on the private sector, how have the respective roles of local and foreign firms changed over time?

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    Making sense of the politics of delivery: our findings so far

    ODI | 2013

    In order to design and implement more politically informed programmes, practitioners need more – and more systematic and specific – evidence and guidance. To respond to this need, ODI began a new programme on the politics of delivery. This brief gives an overview of the programme's main ideas, activities and findings, and of its initial plans for future work.

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    The effects of sector characteristics on accountability relationships in service delivery

    ODI | 2012

    This working paper approaches the question of what drives accountability and control in service delivery from a sector-specific perspective. It asks why certain opportunities for or constraints on accountability tend to recur around the delivery of particular services.

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    Implementing Political Economy Analysis

    SDC | 2015

    This presentation proposes steps to incorporate PE analysis for SDC program steering.

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    Urban Water Reform Success and Failure in Mexican Cities

    University of Connecticut | 2015 |

    Learning from Examples: a PowerPoint presentation. Building on the presentation in Session 16. V. Herrera compares two cities in Mexico how they have dealt with reforming their water sector.

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    Example of PE Analysis at the sector level: urban water

    University of Connecticut | 2015

    A concrete example of PE analysis within the water sector in an urban area. PowerPoint presentation in English.

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    Political economy in service delivery

    SDC | 2015

    PowerPoint presentation in English. - How to analyze the service delivery sector with the PE glasses.

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    Political Strategy 
and Entry Points

    SDC | 2015

    With Examples from Public Reform and Territorial Dynamics. - How to think and act politically in the field of the development cooperation.

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    Territorial Dimension 
of Power

    SDC | 2015 |

    Political Economy of Centralization and Decentralization. What is territorial dimension of power? What is the PE analysis of centralization / decentralization?

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    The territorial dimension of power: the Colombian case

    SDC | 2015 |

    The territorial dimension of power: the Colombian case Abstract: The presentation outlines the political system of governance in Colombia and its impact on the country’s development. In a second part, M. Jaggi looks at possible entry points for reforms supported by the Swiss engagement.

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    Patronage and Clientelism

    SDC | 2015 |

    Political Economy Analysis for Latin America. PowerPoint presentatin in English

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    Patronage and Clientelism

    SDC | 2015 |

    Economía Política y Mapeo de Actores, 
Honduras. Spanish version. - The presentation defines the terms patronage and clientelism. It then outlines the steps of a political economy analysis, including the mapping of actors. The presentation concludes with recommendations for an effective PE analysis.

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    Análisis de Economía Política: Nicaragua 2015

    SDC | 2015 |

    Political economy analysis, Nicaragua, 2015. Spanish version.

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    Informe analisis de economia politica Bolivia

    SDC | 2015 |

    Political economy analysis, Bolivia. Spanish version.

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    Análisis Politico Económico de Bolivia

    SDC | 2015 |

    Political economy analysis in Bolivia. PowerPoint presentation in Spanish.

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    Introduction to political economy

    SDC | 2015

    The presentation defines political economy and argues why PE analysis is important in the development context. It concludes with an outline of the main steps of PE analysis.

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    PE learning event: concept paper

    SDC | 2015

    ​The learning event is divided into two parts: Part 1 deals with political economy analysis at the level of cooperation strategies. Part 2 is tailored to operational needs relevant in different sectors.

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    Thinking and working politically

    GSDRC Applied Knowledge Services | 2015

    Development assistance works best, and is least liable to do harm, when the people designing it are thinking and working politically (TWP). However, there has been a tendency to see TWP as mostly a matter for governance specialists.

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    Thinking and Working Politically: From theory-building to building an evidence base - Executive summary

    The Developmental Leadership Program DLP | 2015

    This paper discusses the steps required to build a robust evidence base for ‘thinking and working politically’ (TWP) in development. It argues that better understanding what works, when and why is an important step in moving thinking and working politically into mainstream development programming.

  • https://www.shareweb.ch/site/DDLGN/Documents/The-value-added-of-political-economy-SDC-F2F-DLGN-Aswan-2013-05_Presentation-Stefan-Hochhuth.jpg

    Mind the political economy - The value added of political economy

    2013

    A powerpoint presentation done for the SDC DLGN F2F (Aswan, May 2013) which highlighs the importance of keeping political economy in mind when working for change.

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    Political economy assessments at sector and project levels

    World Bank | 2011

    This note is intended to provide World Bank sector- and project-based operational teams with an understanding of why and how to commission a political economy assessment.

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    Applied political economy analysis - A problem-driven framework

    Overseas Development Institute ODI | 2013 | West Africa,

    This short paper describes the key components of the problem-driven framework, the relationships between them and how to use the framework to undertake analysis.

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    Politically smart, locally led development - Discussion paper

    Overseas Development Institute ODI | 2014 |

    Aid donors have found it hard to move from thinking politically to working differently, but there is evidence that they can do so and that this improves outcomes. This paper highlights locally-led interventions that focused on locally salient issues and harnessed the local capacity to discover sound yet feasible solutions. These experiences could be replicated and taken to scale.

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    The case for thinking and working politically: The implications of ‘doing development differently’

    2016 |

    Too many development initiatives have limited impact. This is because genuine development progress is complex: solutions are not simple, those who would benefit most lack power, those who can make a difference are disengaged, and so on. Many development initiatives fail to address this complexity, promoting irrelevant interventions that will have little impact.

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    From Political Economy to Political Analysis - Research paper

    Developmental Leadership Program DLP | 2014

    This paper argues that existing political economy approaches lack the analytical tools needed to grasp the inner politics of development. It aims to give policy makers and practitioners more precise conceptual tools to help them interpret the inner, ‘micro’, politics of the contexts in which they work.

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    Problem-driven governance and political economy analysis - Good practice framework

    World Bank | 2009

    This framework takes the general view that in order to improve development effectiveness, governance and political economy diagnostics should become integral to preparing and implementing World Bank strategies and operations. Its key intention is to propose standards for such diagnostics and to synthesize lessons learned. It is primarily intended for a World Bank audience.

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    Everyday Political Analysis

    The Developmental Leadership Program DLP | 2015

    This note introduces a framework for thinking about politics and power called Everyday Political Analysis (EPA). EPA helps address a gap in the work of frontline staff: how to understand the changing political context and make politically-informed decisions on a day-to-day basis.

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    Political Economy Analysis - How To Note

    Department for International Development DFID | 2009

    Political economy analysis can support more effective and politically feasible development strategies, as well as inform more realistic expectations of what can be achieved, and the risks involved. This practice paper brings together various tools with a view to explaining the relevance and uses of political economy analysis.

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    Adapting Development - Improving Services to the Poor

    Overseas Development Institute ODI | 2015

    There is no doubt that the MDG progress report is mixed. The SDG campaign therefore needs to be grounded in realistic assumptions about how development progress happens. More attention needs to be focused on how domestic reformers can drive key changes in contexts that are often politically challenging, complex and uncertain.